Habilitation and Rehabilitation are not just interrelated, but a combination of most of the fields available in the world today.
What is Habilitation? : Services that help a person learn, keep, or improve skills and functional abilities that they may not be developing normally.
Types of Habilitation: refers to services for those who may not have ever developed the skill, 1) such as a child who is not talking as expected for his or her age, 2) Adults can also benefit from facilitative services, particularly those with intellectual disabilities or disorders, such as cerebral palsy who many benefit from services at different points in their life to address functional abilities.
Habilitation is the process of providing those comprehensive services that are deemed necessary to meet the needs of individuals with developmental disabilities in programs designed to achieve objectives of improved health, welfare and the realization of individuals’ maximum physical, social, psychological and vocational potential for useful and productive activities. Although the specific services will be described in an individual’s Plan of Care, services are designed to develop, maintain and/or maximize the individual’s independent functioning in self-care, physical and emotional growth, socialization, communication, and vocational skills. services may include the following:
1. Developing socially appropriate behaviors and interpersonal skills, and eliminating maladaptive behaviors,
2.Developing cognitive skills including, but not limited to, the handling of emergencies, telling time, managing money, making change, recognizing
street and other signs, solving problems, etc.,
3. Using recreation and leisure time,
4. Orienting to the community and training for mobility and travel,
5. Developing or remediating communication skills,
6. Developing appropriate grooming, sex, dress, and self-care habits, such as toileting, eating, and Shaving,
7. Enhancing the physical, mental, and dental health of persons served. The services should deal with prevention and maintenance needs,
8. Training in assertiveness, and advocacy in dealing with citizenship, legal, family, and/or social needs,
9. Orienting to other programs, as appropriate. Transportation to and from training sites will beincluded as a habilitation service. For purposes of
this waiver, habilitation does not include activities or training to which the client may be entitled under federal or state programs of public
elementary or secondary education or federally aided vocational rehabilitation.